The Pediatric Residency Review Committee requires that all residents learn QI methods and participate in a QI project during their residency. Residents are expected to develop skills and habits to systematically analyze their practices using QI methods and implement changes to improve their practices.
Residents must demonstrate the ability to investigate and evaluate their care of patients, appraise and assimilate scientific evidence, and continuously improve patient care based on constant self-evaluation and lifelong learning.
At the core of practice-based learning and improvement (PBLI) is lifelong learning and continuous QI. Mastering these skills requires self-evaluation and reflection to engage in habitual PDSA cycles and practice using evidence-based medicine. Residents must also learn and practice teaching skills to enable them to effectively educate patients, families, students, and other residents and health care professionals.
QI skills may be obtained by active participation on a QI committee that is involved in planning and implementing an intervention, analyzing the intervention on a practice outcome, and incorporating it into practice if QI has occurred or initiating a new PDSA cycle if improvement has not occurred. Different medical specialties may have specific expectations regarding requirements for QI related to PBLI.
For more information about QI requirements for pediatric residents, visit the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education Program Requirements for Graduate Medical Education in Pediatrics.